About Pre-Hospital Emergency
Helping patients is one of the religious, legal and moral duties of every human being.
Emergency Medical Services (EMS) refers to a set of emergency medical services that are provided to emergency patients outside the hospital environment and lead to the transfer of the patient to the nearest medical center. In Iran, this system is a subset of Centers for Management of Medical Emergency and Accident of medical universities.
The pre-hospital emergency system is responsible for providing medical services to emergency patients (115). If any person in any place in the geographical area covered by Semnan University of Medical Sciences needs emergency medical services, by dialing 115, he/she will be connected to the pre-hospital emergency system of the university. For patients who have an emergency condition, an emergency ambulance 115 is sent with two trained technicians, and after performing the initial medical procedures, the patient is transferred to the nearest medical center in accordance with the standards.
Pre-hospital emergency department of Semnan University of Medical Sciences and Health Services
Center for Management of Medical Emergency and Accident of SEMUMS has 5 pre-hospital emergency centers in Semnan, Sorkheh, Mahdishahr, Damghan, Aradan and Garmsar. The center has 28 115 road and urban emergency stations active in the covered cities, 20 of them are road stations. The city of Semnan has 3 bases and Damghan has 3 and Garmsar has 2 emergency bases of 115.
It is possible to communicate the instructions of the Center for Management of Medical Emergency and Accident of the country to the city centers, monitor the city centers and 115 emergency bases covered, collect statistical information on pre-hospital emergency activities and send it to Region Center and the Accident and Emergency Management Center of the country, implement special projects such as the Nowruz relief project, hold training courses for emergency medical staff and follow up to upgrade the pre-hospital emergency.
Indicators of Emergency 115 of university (according to the latest indicators)
- The ratio of the length of roads with comprehensive standard coverage of pre-hospital emergency medical services to all roads on covered highways is 94.6%
- The number of emergency stations of 115 per 100 km of the main road covered is 4.3.
- The average time to reach the scene of the accident from the time of the client's call in urban missions is 5 minutes and in suburban missions is 8 minutes.
- The percentage of operations and transfer of traffic accident victims by emergency 115 to hospitals in cities and roads is 93%.
Emergency operations 115
The client who calls 115 is either a patient or someone who is at the patient's bedside. The 115 emergency operator obtains the necessary information about the patient by asking some questions (the patient's main complaint, age, gender, medical history, etc.) and if the patient has emergency conditions, an ambulance will be sent from the nearest 115 emergency station to the patient's address. By the presence of 115 emergency technicians on the patient's bedside and examining his/her condition and performing the necessary medical measures, with the opinion of the doctor, the communication center (message center) will transfer the patient to the nearest medical center. Other diagnostic and therapeutic steps will be performed in the medical center.