Introduction of Danger and Accident

 

The Office of Management and Mitigation of Disaster Risk was formed in 2010 in the Deputy of Health of the Ministry of Health, Treatment and Medical Education. It was added to the structure of the Deputy of Health in medical universities with following goals. Then, it was appointed as Secretary of the Health Committee of the Health Working Group on Contingencies of Medical Universities.

According to the principles and foundations of crisis management, the disaster management cycle consists of three time phases before, during and after disasters, and all measures should be centered around these issues. The Office of Management and Mitigation of Disaster Risk has planned its actions in different time phases based on the proposed scientific principles as follows:

 

Before Disasters (Prevention- Mitigation)

  • Assessing vulnerability and getting ready the health facilities and resources
  • Implementing measures to reduce vulnerability and improving the readiness of health facilities and resources
  • Attracting public participation in the implementation of programs of health-oriented disaster risk mitigation
  • Making public aware of strategies of assessment and mitigation of disaster risk
  • Developing a coordinated and effective response program with the participation of other offices
  • Maintaining primary health care supplies in the response phase
  • Establishing the process of primary hazard warning system in health facilities
  • Implementing specialized training programs for managers and health workers
  • Implementing disaster preparedness exercises in health facilities and the community

 

During Disasters (Responses)

  • Assessing rapidly the injuries and the needs of health facilities and the community
  • Assessing continuously the health needs of the affected population
  • Providing coordinated, timely, effective and primary health care
  • Monitoring and evaluating the effectiveness of primary health care delivery

 

After Disasters (Recovery)

  • Developing a health facility recovery plan with a sustainable development approach
  • Rebuilding facilities and rehabilitating damaged health programs
  • Participating in the development and implementation of community psychosocial rehabilitation
  • Monitoring and evaluating measures of disaster recovery phase