What do I know about Hypertension

 What do I know about Hypertension?

What do I know about Hypertension

What do I know about Hypertension?

Blood pressure (Hypertension) is the force that the blood flow exerts on the walls of the vessels. This pressure is measured in millimeters of mercury. High blood pressure means the pressure in the arteries is higher than the permissible limit.

Blood pressure is represented by two numbers, for example 112.78 mm Hg, where the upper or larger number (systolic pressure) is the pressure at the moment the heart beats. The lower or smaller number (diastolic pressure) is the pressure at the moment the heart rests between two beats.

Normal blood pressure is about 120/80 mmHg.

High blood pressure is usually asymptomatic and therefore very dangerous.

But it is controllable.

Am I at risk of high blood pressure?

There are some risk factors that increase the likelihood of high blood pressure. Some of these factors are acquired and some are non-acquired.

Non-acquired factors:

  • Smoking or exposing to secondhand smoke
  • Diabetes
  • Obesity
  • High cholesterol
  • Unhealthy diet (high sodium, low potassium, alcohol consumption)
  • Physical Activities

Acquiring factors:

  • Family history of high blood pressure
  • Race
  • Aging
  • Gender (men are more involved)
  • Some diseases
  • Obstructed breathing during sleep
  • Socio-economic condition and mental stress are also risk factors for blood pressure. These issues affect access to basic life needs such as medicine, professional health care, ability to adapt to lifestyle changes.


How can I know that I have high blood pressure?

The only way to know if you have high blood pressure is to measure your blood pressure regularly. To diagnose high blood pressure, a doctor or health care provider will measure your blood pressure in several visits and calculate its average and use it as a basis for work.

What should I do with high blood pressure?

  • Do not smoke or do not expose to secondhand smoke.
  • Keep your weight at an appropriate level.
  • Eat a healthy diet and reduce saturated fats. Eat more fruits and vegetables. Include whole grains and low-fat dairy in your diet.
  • Reduce salt intake and eat foods with more potassium.
  • Do not drink alcohol
  • Practice more. Practice 150 minutes of moderate-intensity or 75 minutes of vigorous-intensity per week, or a combination of the two during the week. Do muscular activities two days a week.
  • If you have high blood pressure, take your medications regularly and as prescribed by your doctor.
  • Do not get stressful
  • Be aware that your blood pressure should be kept within the appropriate range.
  • If you have normal blood pressure, do not neglect your periodic blood pressure measurement.


  • News Code : 42096
Short Link of News :
Samirae Taghavipoor

Samirae Taghavipoor